Nazrul, an indomitable spirit is still remembered through his work. Either it is poems or songs, after Rabindranath Tagore he is a name for every Bengali to reckon with. In fact, for they are the pioneers of increasing the cultural spirit amongst Bengal and Bengalis. Nazrul is considered as an unusual convergence of Hindu and Muslim cultural ethnicity.
Kazi Nazrul Islam, the rebel poet, is the ultimate inspiration and motivation for every young bee that has certain zeal towards poetry and music. Numbers of youngsters are there who is a dedicated and ardent follower tries to pen down and showcase their inner sound through their poetry. As a matter of fact, we can see the glimpse of Nazrul’s influence on their writing. 1899, 25th may the day is reckoned with a great name Nazrul. The day is the genius, the indomitable spirit, and a man who forced the entire Indians and Bangladeshi to be proud of him. Nazrul is still recalled as a ‘Vidrohi Kavi,’ a fiery rebel poet who hoisted his voice against some injustice in every sphere of life.
He was born in Churulia and received spiritual education and started working at a local mosque pretty early; but almost immediately he joined ‘Letor Dal,’ the rural theatrical group. In his very young age, he started poetry, music, drama, literature and much more and he got introduced to a socio-political scenario. It inspired him to just serve the British Army in the Middle East during First World War. And the exposure introduced him to the mass singing and also the music in this part of the world.
Nazrul fought with many obstacles through his entire life. Nazrul condemned them via his literary works as well as actively participated in the Independence Movement of India. As a consequence, the British government banned the books and newspaper columns for a specified period. This also led to his recurrent imprisonment. However, the insuppressible and non-communal Nazrul also kept working for the liberation of the subjugated apart from just creating classical literature. He drew motivation from the amalgamated Hindu and Muslim cultural civilization and was equally recognizable with the Persian along with the ancient Hindu mythology. In his entire compositions, there is a clearly natural convergence of Sanskrit, Arabic, and traditional Bangla.
Nazrul and his contribution in music:
Not only in poetry but Nazrul left his mark on the music as well. During the short time of 20 years of his energetically creative life, he actually gifted almost 4,000 songs belonging to each and every imaginable genre of the music containing kirtan, folk, raga pradhan, Bengali modern songs, ghazal and Shyama Sangeet. Nazrul’s associated with the tradition of the Persian ghazals, a particular form of the love songs, which is constituted the base of the Bengali ghazal compositions. The modernism by Nazrul not only enhanced the Bengali music but Bengali language that accepted plentiful Persian and Urdu words. His spell as the staff of the All India Radio Calcutta was, possibly, the best era that saw eminent musicians following his innovation-friendly style as well as taking them to a certain height that they actually deserved. After a certain period, his power-packed compositions and writing turn out to be a great source of the inspiration for the rebels who basically led the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. The most interesting part was he got the ultimate praise from his followers. In fact, he is the flag down as a national poet of Bangladesh.
Rabindranath Tagore was also quite impressed by his writing. Despite everything, Nazrul Islam’s diverse persona as a littérateur along with a poet-composer remains immensely overshadowed by Tagore. His influence in kirtan and raaagpradhan music is extremely renowned amongst musicians.He, therefore, remains just focused on the kirtan as well as Shyama Sangeet only based compositions of Nazrul, who made the valuable along with the rich contribution to both these type that actually comes under the category of light classical but are, possibly, more severe than the pure classical forms.